Cardiovascular Diseases and Its Types

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Cardiovascular disease is a term used to describe a number of disorders that affect the heart. It is a common disease found in many due to the changing lifestyle and unhealthy eating patterns. Your cardiovascular system supplies the body with blood and it consists of heart, veins, arteries, and capillaries. High blood pressure is one of the biggest risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases. In order to prevent such a condition, one needs to do regular exercise and follow a balanced diet. Major cardiovascular diseases are related to life-threatening events like stroke, heart attack, and aneurysm.

Types of cardiovascular diseases

Listed below are various types of cardiovascular diseases that you should know about.

1. Congenital heart condition

It is a type of disease, which is present since birth. The examples include septal defects where there is a hole right between the chambers of your heart, obstruction defects wherein the flow of blood in different chambers is partially blocked, and cyanotic heart condition wherein a defect inside the heart causes a lack of oxygen in the body.

2. Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia means irregular heartbeat. The heart could be too fast or too slow. It occurs when the impulses in your heart that are supposed to coordinate with the heartbeat do not function properly. It means that the heart does not beat correctly and this condition should be taken very seriously. It can become fatal if not treated on time. A critical illness insurance policy will provide for the cost associated with the treatment of this heart disease.

3. Coronary artery disease

The arteries present in the body provide your heart muscle with necessary oxygen and nutrients through blood circulation. If the coronary arteries are harmed due to high cholesterol, they could cause the heart to receive inadequate nutrients and oxygen. When you compare health insurance plans, you need to look for health insurance for high cholesterol so that you remain protected in case of a coronary heart disease.

4. Dilated cardiomyopathy

This is a condition wherein the heart chambers are dilated due to a muscle weakness. Due to this, the heart is unable to pump the blood properly. This is because of a lack of oxygen in the heart. Generally, this condition affects the left ventricle.

5. Myocardial infarction

Known as a heart attack, this condition is caused due to an interrupted blood circulation, which hampers a part of the muscle in your heart. It is caused due to a clot, which develops in one of the arteries. It could also occur if the artery narrows.

6. Heart failure

This condition is also referred to as congestive heart failure. It occurs when the heart is not able to pump blood in the body with efficiency. It could happen on the right or left side of the heart, and high blood pressure can leave the heart too weak to fill and pump properly.

There are a number of symptoms of cardiovascular diseases and you should never take them lightly. Always consult a professional when you notice something wrong with your health. A healthy lifestyle is the key to a healthy heart. In addition to maintaining a healthy lifestyle, you should also invest in health insurance. It will protect you from a number of illnesses and diseases, which can wipe off your life savings during a medical emergency. Choose a plan keeping your age, lifestyle, and personal health condition in mind.